Different workplaces create different hazards depending on the size of the site and amount of staff. With the exception of Logging Operations standard, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) do not require that you have a specific first aid kit or specific contents. OSHA 1910.151 does require a person or persons shall be adequately trained to render first aid. Adequate first aid supplies shall be readily available. Many employers do however, find it helpful to build or purchase a first aid kit based on industry standards. American National Standard Institute (ANSI), designed a reference list (ANSI Z308.1) for Minimum Requirements for Workplace First Aid Kits and Supplies. First aid kits that meet these requirements will provide a small worksite with proper first aid supplies to assist with most types of injuries that may occur. Although this is a good list to reference from, OSHA recommends that Employers evaluate their workplace and determine hazards which aren’t adequately covered by ANSI Z308.1, in order to identify necessary supplies that meet the needs of their worksite. Listed below is the ANSI Z308.1 minimum requirements created in 2009.
ANSI/SEA Z308.1 2009 – Minimum Requirements for Workplace First Aid Kits and Supplies Basic Kit – minimum contents.
|Absorbent compress, 32 sq. in.||1|
|Adhesive bandages, 1 in. x 3 in.||16|
|Adhesive tape, 3/8 in. x 2.5 yd. total||1|
|Antibiotic treatment,0.14 fl. Oz. (0.9 g)||6|
|Antiseptic,0.14 fl. Oz. (0.5 g) application2||10|
|Burn treatment, 1/32 oz. (0.9 g) application3||6|
|Medical exam gloves||2 pairs|
|Sterile pads, 3 in. x 3 in.||4|
|Triangular bandage, 40 in. x 40 in. 56 in.||1|
Optional items and sizes may be added to the basic contents listed above to augment a first-aid kit, based on the specific hazards existing in a particular work environment. Optional items addressed in ANSI/ISEA Z308.1-2009 are listed below.
- Analgesic (should contain no ingredients that are known to cause drowsiness)
- Bandage compress(es) in sizes 2 in. x 2 in. (5 cm. x 5 cm.), 3 in. x 3 in. (7.5 cm. x 7.5 cm.) or
- 4 in. x 4 in. (10 cm. x 10 cm.)
- Breathing barrier for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
- Burn dressing(s) at least 12 sq. in. (77.4 cm.2)
- Cold pack(s) at least 4 x 5 in. (10 x 12.5 cm.)
- Eye covering(s)5
- Eye/skin wash, 4 fl. oz. (15 ml.)6, 7
- Hand sanitizer with a minimum of 61 percent ethyl alcohol8
- Roller bandage(s) at least 2 in. (5 cm.) wide and at least 4 yds. (365 cm.) long, unstretched and individually packaged
Federal OSHA recommends the need for an automated external defibrillator (AED) also be considered.
1Compresses must have an absorbency of at least 2.7 fl. oz. (70 g).
2Swabs, wipes or towelettes may be used. Spray containers with a minimum of 10 – 0.14 fl. oz. applications can also be used.
3Spray containers with a minimum of six – 1/32 oz. (0.9 g) applications can also be used. For use on minor burns only.
4A list of topics to be covered in the first-aid guide can be found in ANSI/ISEA Z308.1-2009 Appendix A.
5Can be either two single eye pads or a single covering that covers both eyes.
6Contained in 0.5 fl. oz. (15 ml.) individual-use containers.
7Does not replace emergency eyewash and shower equipment where needed. (See the MNOSHA publication Emergency eyewash and showers.)
8A spray container with a minimum of six – 1/32 oz. (0.9 g) applications meets this requirement. 9A conforming bandage that can stretch to at least four yards can be substituted.
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